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Suharto: Indonesian Occupation of East Timor, Acting Presidency of Suharto, Transition to the New Order, Indonesian Killings of Source Wikipedia

Suharto: Indonesian Occupation of East Timor, Acting Presidency of Suharto, Transition to the New Order, Indonesian Killings of

Source Wikipedia

Published August 17th 2011
ISBN : 9781157646099
Paperback
52 pages
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 About the Book 

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 51. Chapters: Indonesian occupation of East Timor, Acting Presidency of Suharto, Transition to the New Order,MorePlease note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 51. Chapters: Indonesian occupation of East Timor, Acting Presidency of Suharto, Transition to the New Order, Indonesian killings of 1965-1966, Post-Suharto era, Fall of Suharto, Pancasila, Supersemar, Petition of Fifty, Ali Sadikin, Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, Astana Giribangun, Visit Indonesia Year. Excerpt: Indonesia occupied East Timor from December 1975 to October 1999. After centuries of Portuguese colonial rule in East Timor, a 1974 coup in Portugal led to decolonization among its former colonies, creating instability in East Timor and leaving its future uncertain. After a small-scale civil war, the pro-independence FRETILIN declared victory in the capital city of Dili and declared an independent East Timor on 28 November 1975. Claiming its assistance had been requested by East Timorese leaders, Indonesian military forces invaded on 7 December and by 1979 had all but destroyed armed resistance to the occupation. Following a controversial Popular Assembly which many said was not a genuine act of self-determination, Indonesia declared the territory a province of Indonesia. For twenty-five years the people of East Timor were subjected to extrajudicial executions, torture, and starvation. The 1991 Santa Cruz Massacre caused outrage around the world, and reports of other such killings were numerous. Resistance to Indonesian rule remained strong- in 1996 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to two men from East Timor, Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and Jos Ramos-Horta, for their ongoing efforts to peacefully end the occupation. A 1999 vote to determine East Timors future resulted in an overwhelming majority in favor of independence, and in 2002 East Timor became an independent nation. The occupation claimed between 102,800 and 183,000 East Timorese lives, out of a population of less than 700,000. Immediately after the invasion, the U...